Rajasthan, one of India’s most historically rich and colorful state, ‘Land of Kings’ or ‘Land of Kingdom’ that has not already been said and explored in different thousand ways. The State was formed on 30th March 1949 when Rajputana – name as adopted by British Crown was merged into the Dominion of India. Despite the fact that the days of royalty ended six decades ago but the romance associated with the numerous tales of kings and queens refuges to die. Rajasthan’s formerly independent kingdoms developed a rich architectural and cultural heritage; same can be seen today in numerous forts and palaces, which are enriched by feature of Muslim and Jain Architecture. Its features include the ruins of Indus Valley Civilization, Temples, Forts and Fortresses in almost every city. The early history of Rajasthan includes some of the great Maharanas, Nawabs and Rulers.
Rajasthan divided into 9 regions; Ajmer State, Hadoti, Dhundhar, Gorwar, Shekhawati, Mewar, Marwar, Vagad and Mewat which are equally rich in its heritage and artistic contribution. These regions have a parallel history which goes along with that of the state.
Rajasthan has multiple fairs & festivals, Folk & dance (Ghoom, Gair, Kathputli, Kacchi Ghodi) Handicrafts (textiles, Jewellery, Blue pottery, Carpets, Wooden etc) paintings (Miniature, Gemstone, Block Painting, Phad etc)
Thus the history, architecture, forts and palaces, arts, handicrafts, folks and festivals, culture togather makes Rajasthan truly COLORFUL RAJASTHAN.
Many royal families have converted their palaces and forts in to the heritage hotels and many new hotels also have developed their properties in heritage style to give the royal era experience and relive the royal life.
Jaipur, also named as Pink City is named after its founder, Maharaja Jai Singh II (1688-1744), kachwaha ruler of the kingdom of Amer was founded in 1927. Jaipur is northern India’s first planned city, which looks well planned today also. Jaipur’s history dates back to the 12th century when the Kachchwaha Rajputs arrived at the old fort palace of Amber in the Aravalli Hills. The Kachchwaha belonged to the Kshatriya, or the warrior caste of Hindus, but they traced their origins back to the sun, via Kusa who the twin son of the god Rama. The Kachchwaha Rajputs, with their brilliant soldiering, and a knack for lucrative alliances with Mughals that brought them real power, influence and wealth.
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Udaipur, One of India’s most magical cities- also called city of lakes & romantic city, bastion of Rajasthan tradition is founded by Maharana Udai Singh II in 1557. Chittorgarh was the previous capital of the Rajput kingdom of Mewar. Maharana Udai Singh was a successor of the Sisodias, who claimed to be the descendants of the Sun God. The Sisodias are believed to be the oldest ruling family in the World. In 1568, Chittor was attacked by the Mughal emperor, Akbar and to ward off this danger, Udai Singh shifted the whole kingdom to Udaipur. Udaipur was naturally safe under the fortifications made by Aravalli Hills. Udaipur continued to be the capital of Mewar, till it became the princely state of British India in 1818. When India got independent in 1947, the Maharaja of Udaipur granted the place to the Government of India.
Udaipur is known for its natural picturesque surroundings, royal past, massive palaces, monuments, lakes, beautiful architects of temples etc.
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Jodhpur, also known as Blue city & Sun city, It is founded by Rathore clan Rao Jodha in 1459. It was previously known as Marwar. The Rathores were driven out of their original homeland, Kaunaj, by Afghans. They fled to Pali, near to the present day Jodhpur. Rathore Siahaji married the sister of a local prince. This helped the Rathores to establish and strengthen themselves in this region. In some time they ousted the Pratiharas of Mandore, just 9 km of today’s Jodhpur. Initially, Mandore served as their capital, but, by 1459, Rathores felt a need for a secure capital. This city flourished under Mughals and Under the reign of Maharaja Umed Singh, Jodhpur grew into a fine modern city. Jodhpur become the part of India after independence.
Jodhpur is well-known for its famed Mehrangarh Fort, bright, sunny weather, blue houses, the luxurious Umaid Bhawan Palace, lavish weddings, awesome food, yummy Jodhpur sweets, proximity to the Thar Desert, humble people and Mithi boli.
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Jaisalmer, also known as desert city and golden city. Jaisalmer was founded by Bhatti Rajput ruler Maharawal Jaisal in the year 1956 after shifted. The Maharawal choose Trikut hill as the new site for his fort. He thought that his previous abode at Ludharva was vulnerable towards possible enemy assault.
In medieval times, Due to its location Jaisalmer always remain on the focus of the masses. It falls in the way of one of the two routes, which connected India from Persia, Egypt, Africa and the west. The Bhatti Rajput rulers were still in line. They were the sole guardian of the city and thus mustered enough wealth through taxes levied on the passing caravans, of which there was no scarcity.
Due to its location and and partly because of its relief to passers Jaisalmer remained out of threat from the foreign rulers. Ala-ud-din Khilji, the Turk-Afghan ruler of Delhi laid the siege over the city in the mid thirteenth century. It is said that time Bhatti Rajput rulers stopped and looted one of Aa-ud-din Khilji’s caravans containing royal coffer which was on its way to Sind. The siege lasted for around 9 years and when the fall seemed eminent the Rajput womenfolk of the city committed Jauhar.
After independence in 1947, royal family signed the agreement and became the part of independent India. Since then it has developed itself into a major tourist & cultural destination among foreign and domestic travelers of the western India.
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Bikaner, It got its name from its founder Rao Bika who founded it in the year 1488. Rao Bika was also from Rathore clan and first son of Rao Jodha who founded Jodhpur. Due to disagreement with Rao Jodha, Rao Bika decided to form his own kingdom, so he founded Bikaner in barren wilderness land called Jugladehsh. Though it was in the Thar Desert, Bikaner was considered an oasis on the trade route between Central Asia and the Gujrat coast as it had adequate spring water.
Bikaner flourished in the kingdom of Raja Rai Singhji between 1571 to 1611, His daughter married to prince Salim who was the son of Mughal empror Akbar.
This Royal city is surrounded by 7 km long wall with five gates. The magnificent forts and palaces constructed with reddish pink sandstones bear its rich culture heritage. Bikaner is famous for its forts, palaces, temples, fairs and festivals, arts and crafts, folk music and wildlife. A large number of tourists visit this impressive and captivating city to explore its beauty and timeless charm as evident in various monuments.
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About Ranthambore (Sawai Madhopur)
Named after Sawai Madho Singh, Sawai MadhoSingh fortified the nearby village of Sherpur and renamed it Sawai Madhopur. It is widely believed that the construction of the Ranthambhore fort was started during the reign of the Chauhan rajput king Sapaldaksha in 944 A.D. Another theory stipulates that King Jayant, also a Chauhan rajput, built the Ranthambhore fort during 1110 AD. It is most likely that the construction of the fort commenced during the mid 10th Century AD and continued for a few centuries after that.
Since, the Ranthambhore Fort controlled the trade routes between North India and Central India. The Ranthambhore Fort has its golden moments during the reign of the king Rao Hammir, the last ruler of the Chuhan dynasty (1282-1301 AD). During 1300 AD, Ala-uddin khilji, the ruler of Delhi sent his army to capture the fort. After three unsuccessful attempts, his army finally conquered the Ranthmbhore Fort in 13th century. In the nest three centuries the Ranthambhore Fort changed hands a number of times, till Akbar, the Mughal emperor, finally took over the Fort and dissolved the State of Ranthambhore in 1558. The fort stayed in the possession of the Mughal rulers till the mid 18th century.
Now Ranthambhore is worldwide famous for Ranthambhore national Park (282 sq. km) is a part of the much larger Ranthambhore Tiger Reserve (1334 sq. km.)
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